Nerves are a crucial aspect of our bodies’ sensitivity to touch. They are part of the body’s “electric wiring” system for sending messages from the brain to the rest of the body and back. They come in different forms, with the motor nerves carrying signals from the brain to the muscles to trigger effect, while sensory nerves transmit information from all body parts to the brain in case of pressure, pain, or temperature.
But nerves are highly fragile and can be compromised by cutting, pressure, or stretching. Once there has been any damage, nerves are unable to send signals to the brain, and this leads to muscles failing to work, as they should under normal circumstances as well as a loss of feeling in the affected area. Read on as we take you through different types of neuropathy, check out NeuropathyHelp.co as well.
1. Proximal Neuropathy
This type is also referred to as diabetic amyotrophy, with the my meaning muscle since this type of neuropathy causes weakness in the muscles, especially the muscles to the upper section of the legs, hips, and buttocks. At times, it can also pose nerve pain, which can be felt from the lower back and down to the legs, which is known as sciatica or radiculopathy.
2. Focal neuropathy
Unlike most other types of neuropathy, focal neuropathy usually affects only one specific nerve, which in some cases earns it the name mononeuropathy. The condition quite often attacks suddenly, and usually targets nerves in the head, most often the ones leading to the eyes, although it can also attack nerves leading to legs and torso, and can cause pain in some parts of the legs too.
3. Peripheral neuropathy
Also called distal polyneuropathy and peripheral diabetic nerve pain, this is the leading in popularity among the different types of neuropathy resulting from diabetes. Peripheral neuropathy affects nerves that extend to the extremities, like legs, feet, and hands as well as arms. The nerves leading to the legs are most prone, as they travel the longest distance
among all nerves in the body.
4. Autonomic neuropathy
If there are nerves that keep your body running as it should, then they have to be the autonomic nerves. These nerves are the ones at the heart of the many functions that your body carries on without you have to initiate or take charge of them. From heartbeat to breathing, food digestion in the stomach and much more, it all boils down to the control of these nerves.
If these nerves are compromised by the effect of diabetes, then autonomic diabetic neuropathy sets in. The result is your body having a hard time maintaining homeostasis,
which these nerves are dedicated tosupportingt, as the standard and balanced state
of the body functioning.
Causes of neuropathy
Neuropathy has many reason and this could depend on the type of neuropathy in question.
Peripheral neuropathy, for instance, is usually caused by diabetes. And that’s
not the only cause of neuropathy out there. Others include
· Kidney disorders are one of the causes of many cases of nerve-damage due to toxic substances making their way into the blood circulation system.
· Exposure to heavy metals as arsenic, mercury, lead, and thallium among others is also a menace.
· Drugs such as anticonvulsants, anticancer medications, and antiviral as well as antibiotics also put you at risk for neuropathy. Besides, liver disease leading to a chemical imbalance in the body can trigger the condition too.
· Hormone diseases like hyperthyroidism affecting metabolic processes as well as cancer tumors exerting serious pressure on the nerve fibers can also lead to the condition. It can also result from chronic inflammation damaging protective tissues close to nerves.
· Excessive drinking and lack of vitamins like B1, E, B6, B12, as well as niacin responsible for nerve health can also lead to neuropathy.
Neuropathy can be treated with the proper medical attention, so that should not be a cause to worry. But the best thing to do is prevention by all you can to avoid any of the reasons above that you can keep at bay.